World J Surg Surg Res | Volume 1, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Burn Injury Patterns and Validation of the Abbreviated Burn Severity Index as a Predictor of Outcome in a Southwestern Nigerian Hospital

Ayodeji Olanrewaju Oladele1*, Anthony Alome Olekwu2, Olakunle Fatai Babalola3, Muhammad Habib Ibrahim4 and Rereloluwa Nicodemus Babalola5

1Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
2Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Centre Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria
3Department of Surgery, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
4Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Centre BirninKebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria
5Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

*Correspondance to: Ayodeji Olanrewaju Oladele 

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The pattern of burn injuries are dynamic and vary between places being influenced by several factors. This informs the need for periodic review of patterns of burn injuries. Predicting burned patients outcome is important to clinical decision making, prognostication as well as optimal hospital resource allocation. Several models of achieving this have been developed, each with varying strengths and shortcomings. This study aims at describing the current pattern of acute burn injury as well as validates the Abbreviated Burn Severity Index (ABSI) as an outcome predictor in burn patients in the study setting. This is an observational study from the database of patients with burn injuries managed at the study institution over a 14 year period. The information analyzed was obtained from the clinical database of burn patients, imputed into computer software SPSS software for analysis. The total number of burn patients seen during the period was 416. Children and teenagers (0 to 20 years) were most commonly affected making up 47.8%. The mean age of patients was 23.4 years (SD=20.1 years). Burn injuries commonly resulted from flame (56%), scald (33%) and electricity (6%). A male, female ratio of 1.7:1. Inhalational injury was present in 15.6% of patients. Overall mortality was 25.2%. ABSI score was effective in the prediction of mortalities. There is an increase in the frequency of electrical burn injuries, as well as severity of burn injuries at the center and ABSI score is an effective predictor of mortality amongst patients with acute burn injury.


Abbreviated burn severity index; Burn injury; Prognostic burn index


Oladele AO, Olekwu AA, Babalola OF, Ibrahim MH, Babalola RN. Burn Injury Patterns and Validation of the Abbreviated Burn Severity Index as a Predictor of Outcome in a Southwestern Nigerian Hospital. World J Surg Surgical Res. 2018; 1: 1070.

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