World J Surg Surg Res | Volume 5, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Primary Colorectal Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: A Report of Eighteen Cases in a Tertiary Care Center

Vasconcelos FC1#, Araujo ROC2#, Bernardo PS1, Hancio T1, Moraes GN3, Bigni R4, Valadão M2, Pinto LW5 and Maia RC1*

1Laboratory of Hemato-Oncologia Celular e Molecular, Program of Hemato-Oncologia Molecular, National Cancer Institute (INCA), Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil
2Abdominal and Pelvic Surgery Section, INCA, RJ, Brazil
3Institute of Medical Biochemistry Leopoldo de Meis (IBqM), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil
4Hematology Service, Hospital of Cancer, Unit I, INCA, RJ, Brazil
5Division of Pathology, INCA, RJ, Brazil
#These authors contributed equally to this work

*Correspondance to: Raquel Ciuvalschi Maia 

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Primary colorectal Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) is very rare colon malignancy. Due to a possible delay in the diagnosis, it is important to know the main demographic and clinical characteristics of these patients. Retrospective analysis of 18 patients diagnosed with primary colorectal DLBCL during a 17-year period at the tertiary National Cancer Institute of Brazil (INCA) hospital. Demographic characteristics, tumor localization, HIV status, Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) levels, treatment modality and follow-up status were obtained from medical records. Survival was estimated from the date of diagnosis until death. There were 11 male and 7 female patients in our cohort, the median age at diagnosis was 59.5 years and four patients were HIV positive. Tumor was mainly localized in the right proximal colon. Patients were treated with Chemotherapy (CT) and/or surgical resection. Eleven patients died during a median follow-up of 59 months and the median survival time was 10 months for the whole group. Six or more cycles of CT (HR=0.19; 95% CI 0.054-0.660, p=0.009), low LDH levels (HR=0.229; 95% CI 0.060-0.876, p=0.031) and surgical resection (HR=0.23; 95% CI 0.065-0.828, p=0.030) were associated with reduced risk of death in univariate analysis. DLBCL affected more frequently middle-aged man and was primarily located in the right colon. These observations should be considered for differential diagnosis. Six cycles of CT, low LDH levels and surgical resection were associated with better survival. Our results are consistent with previous publications and address the importance of correct colorectal DLBCL diagnosis and treatment.


Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma; Primary colorectal lymphoma; Extranodal lymphoma; LDH; HIV


Vasconcelos FC, Araujo ROC, Bernardo PS, Hancio T, Moraes GN, Bigni R, et al. Primary Colorectal Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: A Report of Eighteen Cases in a Tertiary Care Center. World J Surg Surgical Res. 2022; 5: 1427..

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